Seed from Cannabis contains 30% oil, 25% protein and has been utilized as an important source of nutrition. The seed also contains significant amounts of vitamins, dietary fiber and essential minerals.
More than 80% of the oil consists of polyunsaturated fatty acids specifically omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids at a ratio between 2:1 and 3:1, which historically is considered optimal for human health. The easily digestible edestin and albumin are the main proteins found within seeds and these proteins contain considerable amounts of essential amino acids including arginine.
Studies have demonstrated the amino acid profiles of these proteins are comparable to the proteins found in egg whites and soybeans. Furthermore, the Cannabis seed has been used for thousands of years in traditional Chinese medicine to treat various diseases and disorders.
Seed porridge has been described by folk medicine to treat tuberculosis without antibiotics and recent scientific studies have demonstrated that dietary fatty acids can be used to treat this disease. Anecdotal evidence suggests that modest daily use over time of the seed and its oil improves skin quality as well as fingernail growth/strength and hair thickness.
Modern medicine concludes these three qualities to be an indication of overall general health. A clinical study on the oil applied topically has demonstrated its usefulness in healing mucosal skin wounds of the eyes, nose and throat. This finding follows along with several other clinical trials that demonstrated a use for polyunsaturated fatty acids in wound healing and overall immune response.
A randomized crossover study comparing Cannabis seed oil and olive oil showed skin improvement in patients with eczema after ingestion of Cannabis seed oil over an eight-week trial period, but not those treated with olive oil. Finally, 60% of the essential fatty acids contained in cells of the brain are omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.
For those who suffer from conditions such as eczema, a non-steroidal alternative treatment appeals to a large population and the possible use of Cannabis seed as a medicine affords further study.
Oil from the virgin female flower can be extracted in several ways, but the safest way to extract is through CO2 supercritical extraction. This method allows for the extraction of oil from the plant material and therefore, extraction of the secondary metabolites.
The secondary metabolites consist of terpenoids, flavanoids, the CBD/THC cannabinoids as well as potentially many yet unknown. Limited studies have suggested that the secondary metabolites can treat symptoms and/or cure diseases such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, multiple sclerosis, neural pain, spasms such as Tourette syndrom, glaucoma and seizures.
Beginning research also suggests Cannabis flower oil can treat psychological disorders such as ADHD, bipolar and PTSD as well as inhibit cancer cell growth. Terpenoids naturally inhibit NF-kß signaling suggesting anti-inflammatory and anticancer potential for Cannabis terpenoids.
The neuronal cell death seen in Alzheimer’s disease is associated with stress from the actions ß-amyloid peptide aggregates. However, when cultured cells were treated with ß-amyloid peptide aggregates and/or cannabidiol, the cells treated with cannabidiol showed significantly more cell survival. Furthermore, the pre-WWII Japanese culture treated Alzheimer’s with Cannabis and today they use it to treat many conditions in the elderly.
The endocannabinoid system, thought to be the “homeostatic” system for the brain, is activated upon traumatic brain injury, suggesting the possible use of Cannabis to treat brain disorders and brain injury. Finally the death of the substansia nigra seen in Parkinson’s patients results from a lack of activity in those neurons, but when treated with Cannabis the cells begin signaling again.
The use of the flower oil warrants great research and we should work to push for more research especially from institutions such as The University of Colorado.